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REDUCING YOUR RISK OF SUNBURN AND SUN-INDUCED SKIN DAMAGE
Avoid excessive exposure outdoors around midday in summer in sunny climates
Cover as much of your skin as convenient with suitable clothing when so exposed .
Wear a cosmetically suitable, combined UVB and UVA sunscreen with a high sun protection factor (SPF15–25) and a high UVA protection (often designated as a star rating – * to ****)
Re-apply the sunscreen every hour or so if you are outdoors for prolonged periods and after swimming, perspiration or exercise
Consider also using a sunscreen incorporated into a moisturiser throughout the summer on the face and hands
Don’t pick intensely sunny venues as your holiday destinations

Infection

Scabies
Scabies is a common infestation with a small mite that lives in the upper surface of the skin. The mites are passed from person to person. The scabies rash varies, but typically itches so much that people feel that they have never had anything like it before. There are often patches of eczema, and the tell-tale marks of small pustules and tracks around the wrists and in the finger webs. In children under 18 months of age, pustules are sometimes also seen on the soles of the feet.

Treatment is available over the counter at your chemists. The pharmacist will discuss the products with you, and they all come with written instructions within the packaging as to how to use them. However, diagnosis is sometimes difficult and, given the upheaval of treatment, you may want to confirm the diagnosis with your GP. This is particularly the case for children and babies, where treatment advice can be slightly different.

All products are creams or liquids which are applied to the whole body below the ears and chin. Although it is necessary to wash all clothing and bed linen used 24 hours before treatment, it is seldom advised to do more than this. Important aspects of treatment include:

Apply the treatment thoroughly to all body sites below the chin and ears. This includes between the buttocks and toes and around the genitals. If you are not thorough, mites may spread back over the body.
Treat everyone in the household. Not all household members will be itching, but this is not a certain guide as to whether they are infested. Some people will not itch and it is common not to itch in the early stages of infestation.
Close family contacts who are itching and members of their household may also need treating.
When treating more than one person for one outbreak, all people should be treated at the same time – otherwise the in-festation can spread back on to a treated person before the un-treated one applies the cream.
The itch may persist for months after treatment, although it usually gradually diminishes during that time. Some products will recommend applying the treatment again after 7 to 14 days.

Scabies is a mite infestation of the skin, causing an intensely itchy rash.